More reforms needed to up competitiveness: experts

Friday, Oct 25, 2019 10:59

Wood being cut at Song Kon Forestry Co in the central province of Binh Dinh. Viet Nam has made greater efforts to promote reforms for enterprises. — VNA/VNS Photo Vu Sinh

Despite Viet Nams rise in the global competitiveness index, further reforms are needed to achieve economic targets set by the Government, speakers said at a meeting held on Thursday in HCM City.

Nguyen Minh Thao, head of the Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM)s Business Environment and Competitiveness Committee, said that Viet Nam had jumped 10 places to 67th in the global competitiveness index, with 61.5 points, a rise of 3.5 points compared to last year.

“This is the first time Viet Nam has made it into the first half of the list,” she said.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2019, which compared 141 countries, was published by the World Economic Forum (WEF). According to the report, Singapore this year overtook the US to become the most competitive nation in the world.

“The most significant reform of the business environment has been the reduction of conditional business lines, as well as the reduction and simplification of business conditions,” Thao said.

Other major reforms include the use of electronic transactions in administrative procedures and cashless payments, and in inspection methods.

Thao noted, however, that the business environment still “has many barriers as ministries and agencies compromise to abuse their management rights”.

“Business conditions are still the main obstacle,” she said. “Newly issued business regulations are not practical and go against the direction of the Government.”

Inspections conducted by authorised agencies are a major concern of businesses. “Some policy provisions are enforced differently among agencies, causing huge frustrations for businesses,” Thao said.

“Further reforms should include efforts to enhance competition to promote innovation, regulatory reform to improve allocation efficiency, and new plans to use public resources more effectively,” she added.

Nguyen Van Duc, deputy head of the legal department at the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry 's branch in HCM City, said the Government had launched e-government and promoted the digital economy while supporting a start-up ecosystem.

It has also been helping cities and provinces increase competitiveness indices. “Its important to accelerate growth in private sector employment, strengthen property rights, develop more competitive factor markets, and improve enforcement of competition policy,” he said.

The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is based on 12 pillars: institutions, infrastructure, information and communication technology adoption, macroeconomic stability, health, skills, product markets, labour markets, financial systems, market size, business dynamism, and innovation capacity.

The Global Competitiveness Reports competitive indicators include gross domestic product, quality of overall infrastructure, effect of taxation on incentives to invest, and the availability and quality of information and legislation.

Viet Nam is among the countries with the lowest risk of terrorism and among the most stable levels of inflation, according to experts.

As part of the Governments goal to improve the business environment, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has recently assigned ministries and relevant sectors to promote reforms for enterprises.

The PM has asked the Government Office to work with agencies to draft a plan on removing regulations related to business activities in the 2020-25 period, which must be submitted and issued by early next year. — VNS

Comments (0)