Vietnamese stock market continues strong upward trend, capitalisation soaring by $27.5 billion in 2 months

Thursday, Feb 22, 2024 10:08

Investors watching the market's movements. — VNA/VNS Photo

The stock market in Việt Nam has begun an upward trend since mid-December 2023 and has experienced almost no interruptions so far, gaining over 130 points, approximately 12 per cent.

The market capitalisation of HoSE (Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange) has also increased by approximately VNĐ550 trillion (US$23 billion), reaching nearly VNĐ5 quadrillion. As for all three exchanges, the total market capitalisation of the Vietnamese stock market has increased by approximately VNĐ660 trillion ($27.5 billion) after a relentless two-month climb.

The recent market uptrend has been supported by positive business performance from listed companies. According to VNDirect, the estimated net profit of 1,128 companies (accounting for 96 per cent of market capitalisation) in the fourth quarter of 2023 rose by 30 per cent compared to the same period in 2022. This growth is attributed to improved business activities of companies and the low base effect from the fourth quarter of 2022.

The net profit of the banking sector in the fourth quarter of 2023 increased by 22.5 per cent compared to the same period, driven by accelerated credit growth, strong non-interest income (fee income, foreign exchange activities), industry-wide income growth of 20 per cent, and a 5 per cent reduction in provisioning expenses. The banking sector has played a leading role in the recent market surge.

The net profit of the real estate sector in the fourth quarter of 2023 declined by 19.6 per cent compared to the fourth quarter of 2022, and 24 per cent compared to the third quarter of 2023. However, the decline is primarily due to Vinhomes (VHM). Excluding VHM from the calculations, the net profit of the real estate sector still grew by 132 per cent compared to the fourth quarter of 2022.

The positive performance in business activities of the two largest sectors, banking and real estate, has facilitated a smooth start to the year 2024 for the market. Many investors are expecting improved stock market performance this year after a challenging 2023. In fact, large organisations also hold high expectations for this prospect.

In 2024, Dragon Capital forecasts that the global landscape still poses challenges as global economic growth slows down. However, the domestic market will experience significant recovery as the low-interest rate environment has enough time to permeate the economy, stimulating consumer demand and igniting investment intentions of businesses and investors.

The government's commitment to continue flexible monetary and fiscal policies is crucial to reinforce the confidence of private enterprises. Analysts predict that the profit growth of the 80 largest companies will range from 16-18 per cent, providing a solid foundation for the stock market to be the most attractive investment channel in 2024.

Individual investors account for over 88 per cent of the market. The 12-month deposit interest rate at banks is only around 4.7 per cent, which is not attractive compared to the expected market profit of 10.9 per cent (based on a projected P/E ratio of 9.1 for 2024).

Other investment channels such as real estate have certain limitations, including the need for large capital, low liquidity, and investor concerns about the legal aspects of real estate projects. Therefore, there is a likelihood that significant amount of capital will shift to the stock market.

Moreover, foreign capital flows may improve with any positive market information, such as the untangling of pre-funding or new progress in the process of upgrading to emerging market status. Overall, Dragon Capital considers 2024 an attractive time to participate in the stock market.

Similarly, Pyn Elite Fund also expresses optimism about the market's prospects in the near future. The growth rate of Việt Nam's economy is showing signs of recovery, and there are positive profit prospects in the coming years. Currently, the stock market has yet to reflect the pace of earnings growth of companies and the story of interest rate reduction. If domestic interest rates decrease, market liquidity will increase, and the expected strong growth in corporate profits will contribute to the overall profitability of the market. — VNS

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